Frequently Asked Questions


What are the warning signs of kidney disease?

  • Burning sensation while urinating - frequent and     excessive urination

  • Blood in the urine

  • Puffiness or oedema on face and body - pain in the lower back

What are the symptoms of the kidney failure?

  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Loss of appetite
  • Physical weakness
  • Itching
  • Swelling of face and legs - high blood pressure
  • Breathlessness on exertion - anaemia

How are the kidneys affected?

In acute kidney failure kidney fails suddenly over a short time due to some insults such as dehydration due to severe diarrhoea or vomiting. Sudden significant drop in blood pressure. Massive bleeding. Acute glomerulonephritis, snake bites, burns or drug overdose, etc.

In chronic kidney failure damage occurs slowly over few years time and in most cases it is irreversible. In majority of cases symptoms are produced very late when kidney is damaged to 80% or more. Most important causes being high Blood Pressure and Diabetes.

How can it be detected?

Kidney failure can be detected through kidney function tests like - urine examination, blood urea nitrogen, serum creatinine, serum electrolytes and complete blood count for anaemia, ultrasonography, renal scan, etc.

Is there a cure?

Dialysis and Transplantation with the use of drugs like Cyclosporine (Sandimmun), Prednisolone (Deltacortil or Wysolone), Azoran (Imuran)

How it can be prevented?

  • Liberal fluid intake
  • Regular check-up
  • Proper control of diabetes
  • Early treatment of blood pressure
  • Avoiding too much of spicy food and extra salt intake

What is Cadaver Transplant Programme?

 It means the transplantation of the available usable cadaver organs to help patients waiting for gift of life - a second look at life - under the cadaver organ retrieval transplantation programme.

For more information please consult your family doctor or be in touch with your National Kidney Foundation (India).


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